Tourist photography
Travel photography (from the English expression “travel photo”) is a separate genre of photo art, which reflects the traveler’s impressions and feelings, travel observations: natural and cultural characteristics, ethnic nuances,…

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Black and white photography
Black and white photography - the ancestor of all types and genres of photography. The most commonly used abbreviation of this genre is B / W, from the English expression…

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Family portrait
A family photograph is a classic portrait of a family, made in a studio or some other room, interior. This type of portrait is designed to capture a significant family…

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Photomontage and the history of its appearance

Photomontage is the procedure and the result of combining several pictures into a single composition. First, the artistic photomontage was performed mechanically: first, the images were cut, and then glued together in the correct sequence.

Nowadays, photomontage is carried out with the help of special computer programs – graphic editors, which allow you to efficiently and quickly process and merge photos. When working with them, a photo montage takes only a few minutes.

The appearance of the first photomontage
Interestingly, the very first composition of the pictures was taken at the dawn of the photo, when the equipment was quite voluminous and caused great inconvenience in operation.

This was done in 1858 by English artist and photographer Henry Robinson. He was able to combine several negatives into a single composition. To create this collage called “Fading” it took 5 different photos.


At the end of the 19th century, images in the spirit of Fantasy photo montage appeared at the peak of popularity. The rise of the genre belongs to the period of the Second World War, when photographers from a number of countries published a cycle of cards with military personnel and their families.

The founders of the photomontage
The main components of the early artistic collages were film photographs and watercolors. Illustrative samples – collages of George Gross, made in 1915. He was one of the representatives of the Dada community in Germany, who had a great influence on the integration of the photo collage into actual art. He first used the definition of “Photomontage” in the late 10s of the last century. Other founders of the photomontage are John Heartfield, Hannah Heh, Kurt Schwitter, Raul Hausman and Johannes Baader. This art form was adopted and freely applied by European artists, for example, Salvador Dali.

For the first time a retrospective exposition of photo collages took place in 1931 in Germany. At the same time, domestic masters Alexander Rodchenko, Valentina Kulagina, El Lissitzky and Gustav Klutsis presented a bold composition in the style of a photo collage that glorified the regime of Soviet power.

Development of the photomontage direction
The art of photo collage was gradually forming on other continents – in South and North America. The direction of the work still had a social bias (for example, the collages of Lola Alvarez Bravo reflected the way of life of the citizens of Mexico). In the first half of the twentieth century, Greta Stern performed a number of compositions for articles on psychoanalysts in the periodical Aidilio.

Since the 20s of the last century, innovative techniques of early photo collage artists have been widely used in the marketing industry.

Photographic installation
Photomontage (the word comes from the ancient Greek, meaning “light” in translation, and the French word “montage” - assembling, lifting, installation) - this is getting photographs by compiling them from…


The story of the emergence of documentary photographs
Documentary photography is one of the directions of photography, which reflects the events that took place in reality. The goals of this trend are: the creation of a photographic document,…