The first camera in the world: what was it like?
Photography is very tight in the life of modern man. There are a huge number of various amateur and professional cameras on the market. In addition, most mobile phones, tablets and other gadgets today are also equipped with cameras. At the same time, few people know who the creator of the first camera is.
The role of the telescope in the history of the camera
As early as the 16th century, Johann Kepler, a German mathematician, astronomer and mechanic, first described in detail the law of light refraction and the concept of optical imaging. When creating the telescope, Galileo Galilei took advantage of the knowledge and discoveries of the German scientist.
With the help of a telescope, which was made with lenses and mirrors, it became possible to examine and study the starry sky. After this, it remains for the small – to learn how to fix the displayed images.
How did the components of the first camera?
Two centuries after the telescope appeared, Joseph Nissefour Niepce, the inventor from France, was the first to save the images, for which he needed a thin layer of asphalt. It was the asphalt varnish that played the role of processing the incident light in the pinhole.
Heliograph and the first negative
Niepce called the device created by him heliograph. With this device, it was possible to save pictures without the participation of the draftsman. Further, scientists and inventors continued to work on the improvement of the Niepce apparatus.
The first negative came from the efforts of William Talbot in 1835. Images that could be obtained with the help of such a negative, were already improved quality. Moreover, with this negative there was an opportunity to receive a large number of copies.
The emergence of photographic film
Further development of photography is directly related to photographic film. An important role in this was played by the inventor and businessman from America, who in the late 19th century received a patent for the film in rolls for the production of photographs. Somewhat later, he also received a patent for the Kodak camera.
Such cameras were created to work with roll films. For many years, Kodak has been one of the leading companies in the production of photographic devices.
In the 20s of the 20th century, a Leica camera appeared. Since that time, and began a new stage in the development of photography. Cameras began to rapidly develop and improve, and other entrepreneurs appeared who began to produce films for cameras and the reagents necessary for the development of these films.
The first camera, released in Russia, appeared in 1929. A year later, it began mass production. A prototype of a digital camera was first introduced by Fujifilm at the end of the 20th century, and today almost anyone owns a digital camera.