Photojournalism is the direction of journalism that uses photography as the main means of expression.
Distinguishing features of photojournalism
The task of photojournalism is an objective reflection of reality, incidents, the lives of interesting and famous people.
Like any other genre, photojournalism has its own characteristics, among which you can list:
time – photos of this direction must necessarily reflect the chronology of events, they illustrate the news;
objectivity – images must be honest and accurately reflect the incident. The photojournalist should be impartial, he should not reflect his personal impressions in his works, but only record the course of events;
narration – photographs with other components of the news tell the reader or viewer about the essence of what happened. There is no place for abstraction in it. In most cases, such images are supplemented by text messages.
Photojournalism (photography genre for journalism in photo art)
Photojournalists need to be able to quickly navigate the situation and make decisions. They have no time for building a frame in contrast to photo artists, their work is characterized by spontaneity and a bit rough style. In addition, professionals must wear the necessary equipment, being in completely different life situations (floods, fighting, street riots), often quite dangerous.
Varieties of photojournalism
The direction of photojournalism has several varieties:
news – displays the events that are happening at the moment. A photographer who is busy in this direction by providing the media with photographic material from the coming place on-line to post pictures in regular news releases – in print publications or on news websites;
reportage The report is a story that the author tells with the help of photographs. From the news it is distinguished by the length of time. The report does not have to be as quick as the news. The photograph in this case should convey to the viewer the essence of the story, which could be described using, but not so clearly. As a rule, the story has time limits and editorial restrictions;
a documentary photograph resembles the previous view, but it goes beyond the indicated limits. Its purpose is to create a photographic document that captures real events and contains a warning or appeal addressed to the audience. In such a photographic document can be reflected the essence of an entire era or period in the life of the state or of a particular person.
This type of photograph can be subjective and emotional, contain ideological or socially critical overtones. Therefore, it can influence the moods of contemporaries and influence the political situation in the state.